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中等职业学校英语教学大纲
2014-09-12 07:56:37 来源: 作者: 【 】 浏览:314

中等职业学校英语教学大纲

一、课程性质与任务

英语是世界通用语言之一,是国际交流的重要工具。

英语课程是中等职业学校学生必修的一门公共基础课。本课程的任务是:使学生掌握一定的英语基础知识和基本技能,培养学生在日常生活和职业场景中的英语应用能力;培养学生的文化意识,提高学生的思想品德修养和文化素养;为学生的职业生涯、继续学习和终身发展奠定基础。

二、课程教学目标

中等职业学校英语课程要在九年义务教育基础上,帮助学生进一步学习英语基础知识,培养听、说、读、写等语言技能,初步形成职场英语的应用能力;激发和培养学生学习英语的兴趣,提高学生学习的自信心,帮助学生掌握学习策略,养成良好的学习习惯,提高自主学习能力;引导学生了解、认识中西方文化差异,培养正确的情感、态度和价值观。

三、教学内容结构

本课程的教学内容由基础模块、职业模块和拓展模块三个部分构成。

1. 基础模块是各专业学生必修的基础性内容,教学时数为128144学时。

2. 职业模块是适应学生学习相关专业需要的限定选修内容,各学校根据实际情况进行选择和安排教学,教学时数为5472学时。

3. 拓展模块是满足学生个性发展和继续学习需要的任意选修内容,教学时数不做统一规定。

四、教学内容与要求

(一)基础模块

基础模块的教学要求分为基本要求和较高要求两个层次,学校根据所在地区、学制、专业等实际情况选择教学要求的层次,并要积极创造条件,争取达到较高要求。

1. 基本要求

1)听

能根据简单课堂教学用语做出反应;

能利用关键词捕捉简单信息(如姓名、电话号码、职业等);

能听懂日常生活中的简单会话和职业场景中的简单指令。

2)说

能给出简单的要求和指令;

能借助肢体语言进行日常会话;

能简单描述个人和日常生活情况;

能运用附件二“交际功能项目表”中不标*号的功能进行简单交际。

3)读

能抓住阅读材料的中心意思,找出细节信息;

能读懂简单的应用文,如请柬、通知及表格等;

能读懂附件三“话题项目表”范围内常见题材的简短阅读材料。

4)写

能填写简单的表格(如:个人信息、问卷等);

能写简单的个人介绍;

能用简单句描述事物、表达看法。

5)语音

能朗读句子和短文,节奏、重音基本正确;

能借助国际音标和拼读规则读新单词;

能在交流中做到语音、语调基本达意。

6)词汇

学习1 700个左右单词(含九年义务教育阶段的词汇),同时学习200个左右习惯用语和固定搭配。

7)语法

能理解附件四“语法项目表”中不带*号语法项目的形式和意义并使用。

2. 较高要求

1)听

能根据日常生活和职业场景中的多步骤指令做出相应反应;

能理解所听日常交际对话的大意;

能借助图片、图像等听懂职业场景中的简单活动安排和会话。

2)说

能给出多步骤的指令;

能通过询问解决交际中的疑惑;

能就日常生活及相关职业话题进行简单交谈;

能运用附件二“交际功能项目表”中所列功能进行交际。

3)读

能根据上下文和构词法猜测词义;

能根据文章信息进行简单的推理、判断;

能读懂附件三“话题项目表”范围内常见题材的阅读材料。

4)写

能根据提示或关键词转述课文大意;

能简要描述熟悉的事件和经历;

能根据范例,仿写应用文,如通知、电子邮件、个人履历等。

5)语音

能根据语音、语调理解日常生活中说话者的意图;

能在交流中做到语音、语调达意。

6)词汇

在基本要求的基础上继续学习200个单词,达到1 900个;同时学习大约300个左右习惯用语和固定搭配;能根据构词法自主扩展词汇量。

7)语法

能在基本要求的基础上,理解附件四“语法项目表”中标*号语法项目的形式和意义并使用。

(二)职业模块

职业模块的教学内容与要求可因不同行业对学生听、说、读、写等技能的不同需求而异。

1. 学习300个左右行业通用的专业词汇及缩略语。

2. 生产制造类专业的教学,可侧重提高学生的阅读能力。要求能借助词典等工具书读懂与专业相关的简单技术、业务资料,如:简单的产品说明、广告和操作说明等,并能通过网络查询相关信息。

3. 服务类专业的教学,可侧重提高学生的听说能力。要求能用英语初步处理简单的常规业务。如:接待、处理业务电话、信函、电子邮件以及填写业务表格和相关票据等。

4. 对英语要求较高的相关专业,可根据专业实际,把职业模块整合为相关专业课,增加相应学时,进一步扩展职场常用英语的深度和广度,以满足职业需求。

5. 其他专业类别的教学,可根据本行业的需求,制定相应的教学要求。

(三)拓展模块

1.

能听懂简单叙事和熟悉话题的口头陈述;

能听懂职业场景中的活动安排及会话;

能听出说话者的不同态度和情感。

2.

能在有准备的情况下,就一般话题作口头陈述和转述;

能对日常询问和要求做出恰当反应;

能就日常生活和相关职业话题进行交流。

3.

能理解一般文章的篇章结构;

能理解作者的意图、观点和态度;

能根据需要从网络或其他渠道查找信息。

4.

能写出简单的应用文,如申请、活动安排、简介等;

能根据所读短文写读后感或摘要。

5. 词汇

学习2 200个左右单词(含九年义务教育阶段的词汇),同时学习大约400个左右习惯用语或固定搭配;能根据构词法自主扩展词汇量。

6. 语法

能使用附件四“语法项目表”中所有语法项目。

五、教学实施

(一)教学建议

1. 教学要以学生为本,发挥学生的自主性,建立融洽的师生互动关系,培养学生积极的情感和态度,激发学习兴趣,鼓励学生积极尝试,勇于实践,体验成功,树立自信心。

2. 英语教学要注重培养学生语言综合应用能力,依据教学目标,结合教学内容与要求,设计符合学生实际、目的明确、操作性强、丰富多样的课内外教学活动。引导学生在完成任务的过程中,体验语言,培养技能,积极实践,提高语言综合应用的能力。

3. 教师要面向全体学生,因材施教。要尊重学生的差异,为其提供多种学习选择。对于基础较薄弱的学生要进行补偿教学,对学有余力的学生要进行拓展教学,适应学生的个性发展需求,使每个学生均学有所得。

4. 职业模块的教学要结合行业的实际需求,利用真实场景或设置虚拟场景,选择真实或实用的语言材料。

5. 教师要加强教学研究,积极参与教学研究活动,研究职业教育的英语教学规律,总结、交流教学经验。

(二)现代教育技术应用建议

学校要为英语教学配备必要的音像视听设备和资料以及计算机、互联网等设施。教师要利用、开发教学资源,丰富教学内容、教学途径和手段;利用现有的广播电视、英语报刊、图书馆、视听室或电子阅览室等,为学生创造学习条件,拓宽学生学习和运用英语的渠道。

(三)教材编写建议

教材编写要以本教学大纲为依据。教材内容应体现中等职业学校英语课程教学目标,落实各个模块的内容与要求。

选材应积极向上,有利于提高学生的人文素养,帮助学生形成正确的价值观,培养良好的职业道德;语言材料要有真实性、时代性,注重实用性,贴近学生生活和未来职业,能激发学习兴趣。教学内容安排应具有一定的灵活性。

教材设计要符合中等职业学校学生语言学习规律,应设置生活和职业活动场景,设计有意义的交际活动,重要语言现象要有足够的复现率。

教材编写形式应符合中等职业学校学生的学习心理;努力提供多介质、多媒体、满足不同层次教学需求的教材及数字化教学资源,为教师与学生提供比较全面的教学支持。

六、考核与评价

英语教学评价的目的是,通过对学生学习过程和学习成效的评价,及时向教师和学生提供反馈信息,帮助教师改进教学,促进学生发展。评价要注重诊断与指导功能,突出激励作用。

评价要坚持终结性评价和形成性评价相结合、定量评价与定性评价相结合、教师评价与学生自评、互评相结合。形成性评价可采用作业、测验、课内外活动等形式。终结性评价可采用听力测试、口试和笔试等形式,也可采用真实性任务。

考核要考虑职业教育的特点和英语课程的教学目标,注重考查学生实际运用语言的能力,兼顾策略、情感和学习态度等。形成性评价和终结性评价应在考核中分别占相应的比例。

附件一 语音项目表

1. 基本读音

126个字母读音

2)英语国际音标符号的读音

3)基本元音和辅音的读音

4)单词的基本读音规则

2. 重音

1)单词重音

2)句子重音

3. 意群和语句的读音

1)连读和失去爆破

2)语调与节奏

附件二 交际功能项目表

1. 问候与道别(Greeting and saying goodbye

2. 引荐与介绍(Introducing oneself and others

3. 感谢与道歉(Expressing thanks and making apologies

4. 预约与邀请(Making appointments and invitations

5. 祝愿与祝贺(Expressing wishes and congratulations

6. 求助与提供帮助(Asking for and offering help

7. 赞同与反对(Expressing agreement and disagreement

8. 接受与拒绝(Accepting and rejecting

*9.劝告与建议(Giving advice and making suggestions

*10. 投诉与责备(Complaining and blaming

*11. 表扬与鼓励(Praising and encouraging

*12. 指令与要求(Giving instructions and making requests

*13. 禁止与警告(Prohibiting and warning

*14. 询问与提供信息(Seeking and offering information

*15. 情感表达(Expressing feelings and emotions

*16. 讨价还价(Bargaining

注:标*号的是基础模块中“较高要求”和拓展模块应增加的项目。

附件三 话题项目表

1. 个人与家庭(Personal information and family

个人信息、亲友、友谊、家庭活动

2. 学校生活(School life

校园设施、校园活动、老师与学生、课程

3. 日常生活(Daily life

文明礼仪、饮食、购物、天气、服装、广告

4. 休闲娱乐(Leisure and entertainment

运动、音乐、电影、游戏、兴趣、爱好

5. 健康(Health

疾病、就医、健身

6. 居住环境(Living environment

社区、安全、家居、公共设施

7. 出行(Travel

旅游、交通、问路、预订

8. 科学技术(Science and technology

网络、通讯、传播

9. 工作(Work

职业、计划、求职、生涯规划

10. 节日与习俗(Festivals and customs

中外节日、风俗习惯

注:职业模块的话题项目不做统一规定。

附件四 语法项目表

1. 名词

2. 代词

3. 数词

4. 介词和介词短语

5. 冠词

6. 连词

7. 形容词

8. 副词

9. 动词

1)系动词

2)行为动词

3)助动词

4)情态动词

10. 时态

1)一般现在时

2)一般过去时

3)一般将来时

4)现在进行时

5)现在完成时

11. 被动语态

1)一般现在时

2)一般过去时

3)一般将来时

*12. 非谓语动词

1)动词不定式

2)动词的-ing形式

3)动词的-ed形式

13. 句子种类

1)陈述句

2)疑问句

3)祈使句

4)感叹句

14. 简单句句子成分与基本句型

15. 并列复合句

16. 主从复合句

1)宾语从句

2)状语从句

3)定语从句

*4)主语从句

*5)表语从句

*17. 直接引语与间接引语

**18. 强调

**19. 倒装

**20. 省略

**21. 虚拟语气

22. 构词法

1)合成法

2)派生法

注:标*号的内容是基础模块中“较高要求”应增加的语法项目,标**号的内容是拓展模块应增加的语法项目。

附件五 词汇表

本表共收词2 200个左右(含九年义务教育阶段的词汇及常见的职业类词汇)。其中无标记单词约1 700个,标*号的单词约500个。

达到基础模块的“基本要求”,应学习本表中无标记的约1 700个单词。

达到基础模块的“较高要求”,应继续学习约200个标*号的单词。

达到拓展模块的教学要求,应再学习约300个标*号的单词。

A


aan                  art.

ability                  n.

able                     a.

*aboard                  prep. & ad.

about                    ad. & prep.

above                    prep. & a.

abroad                   ad.

*absent                  a.

accept                   v.

*access                  n. & v.

accident                 n.

account                  n.

accountant               n.

ache                     v. & n.

across                   prep. & ad.

act                      n. & v.

action                   n.

active                   a.

activity                 n.

actor                    n.

actress                  n.

actually                 ad.

ad=advertisement     n.

add                      v.

addition                 n.

address                  n.

*adjust                  v.

*administration          n.

*admire                  v.

adult                    n.

*advanced                a.

advice                   n.

advise                   v.

*afford                  v.

afraid                   a.

Africa                   n.

African                  n. & a.

after                    prep. & conj.

afternoon                n.

again                    ad.

against                  prep.

age                      n.

agency                   n.

agent                    n.

ago                      ad.

Agreement                n.

ahead                    ad.

aid                      n. & v.

aim                      n. & v.

air                      n.

airline                  n.

airport                  n.

*aisle                   n.

album                    n.

*alcohol                 n.

*alert                   a.

alike                    a. & ad.

alive                    a.

all                      a.ad.& pron.

allow                    v.

almost                   ad.

alone                    a.

along                    ad. & prep.

aloud                    ad.

already                  ad.

alsoa                    d.

although                 conj.

always                   ad.

am/a. m.AM/A. M.       n.

*amazing                 a.

America                  n.

American                 n. & a.

among                    prep.

*ancient                 a.

and                      conj.

angry                    a.

animal                   n.

another                  a. & pron.

answer                   n. & v.

anypro                   n. & a.

anybody=anyone       pron.

*anyhow                  ad.

*anymore                 ad.

anything                 pron.

anyway                   ad.

*anywhere                ad.

apartment                n.

*apologize               v.

appear                   v.

*appetite                n.

*application             n.

apply                    v.

appointment              n.

April                    n.

area                     n.

arm                      n.

army                     n.

around                   ad. & prep.

arrive                   v.

art                      n.

artist                   n.

as                       ad.conj. & prep.

*ashtray                 n.

Asia                     n.

Asian                    n. & a.

*aside                   ad.

ask                      v.

asleep                   a.

assistant                n.

at                       prep.

ATM                      n.

attend                   v.

attract                  v.

audience                 n.

August                   n.

aunt                     n.

Australia                n. & a.

Australian               n.

automatic                a.

*automobile              n.

autumn                   n.

available                a.

*avenue                  n.

avoid                    v.

away                     ad.

*awful                   a.


B


baby                     n.

back                     ad.& a.

backache                 n.

background               n.

*backward                ad.

*bacon                   n.

bad                      a.

badly                    ad.

badminton                n.

bag                      n.

*baggage                 n.

bake                     v.

bakery                   n.

balance                  n.

ball                     n.

balloon                  n.

*band                    n.

bank                     n.

bar                      n.

bark                     v. & n.

*baseball                n.

basic                    a.

basin                    n.

basket                   n.

basketball               n.

bathroom                 n.

*bathtub                 n.

battery                  n.

*bay                     n.

beamisare        v.

*beach                   n.

bean                     n.

beautiful                a.

become                   v.

bed                      n.

bedroom                  n.

beef                     n.

beer                     n.

before                   prep. ad. & conj.

beginning                n.

*behavior                n.

behind                   prep. & ad.

believe                  v.

bell                     n.

belong                   v.

below                    prep.

beside                   prep.

besides                  prep. & ad.

best                     a.& ad.

*bet                     v.

better                   a. & ad.

between                  prep.

beyond                   prep.

big                      a.

bike=bicycle         n.

bill                     n.

birthday                 n.

*biscuit                 n.

bitter                   a.

blackboard               n.

blank                    n. & a.

block                    n.

blog                     n.

blood                    n.

blow                     v.

blue                     n. & a.

boat                     n.

*boil                    v.

bone                     n.

*bonus                   n.

book                     n. & v.

*bookcase=bookshelf     n.

boring                   a.

born                     a.

boss                     n.

both                     a. & pron.

bottle                   n.

bottom                   n.

*bow                     v.& n.

bowl                     n.

*bowling                 n.

box                      n.

boy                      n.

brain                    n.

*brake                   n.

branch                   n.

brave                    a.

bread                    n.

break                    n. & v.

breakfast                n.

breathe                  v.

*brick                   n.

bridge                   n.

brief                    a.

bright                   a.

bring                    v.

Britain                  n.

British                  n. & a.

broad                    a  .

*broadcast               v.

brother                  n.

brown                    n. & a.

brush                    n. & v.

budget                   n.

build                    v.

building                 n.

burn                     v.

bus                      n.

business                 n.

businessman              n.

busy                     a.

but                      conj. & prep.

*butcher                 n.

*butter                  n.

buy                      v.

by                       prep.

bye                      int.


C


*cabbage                 n.

*cabin                   n.

café=cafeteria       n.

cake                     n.

*calculator              n.

*calendar                n.

call                     n. & v.

camera                   n.

camp                     n. & v.

can                      v. & n.

Canada                   n.

Canadian                 n. & a.

cancel                   v.

cancer                   n.

*candle                  n.

candy                    n.

capital                  n.

captain                  n.

car                      n.

card                     n.

care                     n. & v.

career                   n.

careful                  a.

*cargo                   n.

carry                    v.

cart                     n.

cartoon                  n.

case                     n.

cash                     n. & v.

*cashier                 n.

cat                      n.

catch                    v.

*caution                 n.

*celebrate               v.

cell                     n.

center                   n.

central                  a.

century                  n.

certainly                ad.

*certificate             n.

chain                    n.

chair                    n.

chairman                 n.

*challenge               n.

*champion                n.

chance                   n.

change                   n. & v.

chat                     n. & v.

cheap                    a.

check                    n. & v.

cheer                    n. & v.

*cheese                  n.

chef                     n.

chemical                 a. & n.

*chest                   n.

chicken                  n.

chief                    a. & n.

child                    n.

childhood                n.

China                    n.

Chinese                  n. & a.

chip                     n.

chocolate                n.

choice                   n.

choose                   v.

*chop                    v.

chopsticks               n.

Christmas                n.

church                   n.

*cigarette               n.

cinema                   n.

circle                   n. & v.

*circuit                 n.

citizen                  n.

city                     n.

claim                    v.

class                    n.

classic                  a.

classroom                n.

clean                    v. & a.

clear                    a.

clerk                    n.

clever                   a.

*client                  n.

*climate                 n.

climb                    v.

*clinic                  n.

clock                    n.

close                    v.a. & ad.

clothes                  n.

cloud                    n.

cloudy                   a.

club                     n.

coach                    n.

coal                     n.

coast                    n.

coat                     n.

code                     n.

coffee                   n.

coin                     n.

cold                     a.

*collar                  n.

collect                  v.

college                  n.

color                    n.

comfortable              a.

comment                  n.

*commercial              a.

*committee               n.

common                   a.

communicate              v.

community                n.

company                  n.

*compare                 v.

*compete                 v.

complain                 v.

complete                 a. & v.

*complicated             a.

computer                 n.

condition                n.

confidence               n.

*confirm                 v.

*confuse                 v.

*congratulation          n.

consider                 v.

*construction            n.

*consumer                n.

contact                  v.

contain                  v.

continue                 v.

contract                 n.

control                  v. & n.

cook                     n. & v.

cookie                   n.

cool                     a.

*cooperate               v.

copier                   n.

copy                     n. & v.

corn                     n  .

corner                   n.

*corporation             n.

correct                  v. & a.

cost                     n. & v.

cotton                   n.

cough                    n. & v.

could                    modal v.

count                    v.

counter                  n.

country                  n.

countryside              n.

county                   n.

couple                   n.

*coupon                  n.

*courage                 n.

course                   n.

court                    n.

cousin                   n.

cover                    n. & v.

cow                      n.

co-worker                n.

*craft                   n. & v.

crazy                    a.

cream                    n.

create                   v.

credit                   n.

*crew                    n.

*crossroads              n.

crowd                    n.

crowded                  a.

cry                      v. & n.

culture                  n.

cup                      n.

*cupboard                n.

*cure                    v. & n.

*curious                 a.

current                  a.

customer                 n.

cut                      v. & n.

*cycle                   n.


D


dad                      n.

daily                    a. & ad.

*dairy                   n.

damage                   v. & n.

dance                    v. & n.

danger                   n.

dark                     a.

data                     n.

date                     n.

daughter                 n.

day                      n.

dead                     a.

*deadline                n.

*deaf                    a.

deal                     n. & v.

dear                     a.

December                 n.

decide                   v.

*decorate                v.

deep                     a. & ad.

degree                   n.

delay                    n. & v.

*delete                  v.

selicious                a.

*delighted               a.

deliver                  v.

demand                   v.

department               n.

*departure               n.

*deposit                 v. & n.

describe                 v.

design                   v. & n.

designer                 n.

desk                     n.

*destination             n.

detail                   n.

develop                  v.

*device                  n.

dialog                   n.

diary                    n.

*dictation               n.

dictionary               n.

die                      v.

diet                     n.

different                a.

difficult                a.

dig                      v.

*digital                 n.

dinner                   n.

direct                   a. & v.

director                 n.

dirty                    a.

*disabled                a.

disappear                v.

*disappointed            a.

disk                     n.

*discount                n. & v.

discover                 v.

discuss                  v.

dish                     n.

display                  v. & n.

distance                 n.

district                 n.

divide                   v.

*DJ(=disk jockey     n.

dodoes               v.

doctor                   n.

document                 n.

dog                      n.

dollar                   n.

door                     n.

*dormitory=dorm      n.

*dot                     n.

double                   a. & n.

down                     prep. & ad.

download                 n. & v.

*downstairs              ad.

*downtown                ad.a. & n.

dozen                    n.

draft                    n.

drag                     v.

draw                     v.

dream                    n. & v.

dress                    n. & v.

*drill                   n. & v.

drink                    v. & n.

drive                    v.

driver                   n.

drop                     n. & v.

drug                     n.

dry                      v. & a.

*dull                    a.

dumpling                 n.

duringpre                p.

*dustbin                 n.

duty                     n.

DVD                      n.


E


each                     a. & pron.

eager                    a.

ear                      n.

early                    a. & ad.

earn                     v.

earth                    n.

*earthquake              n.

east                     n.a.& ad.

easy                     a.

eat                      v.

*economic                a.

*economy                 n.

edge                     n.

education                n.

effort                   n.

egg                      n.

eight                    a. & n.

eighteen                 a. & n.

eighteenth               a.ad. & n.

eighth                   a.ad. & n.

eighty                   a. & n.

either                   a.conj. & ad.

*elbow                   n.

elder                    a. & n.

elect                    v.

*electric                a.

electricity              n.

*electronic              a.

eleven                   a. & n.

eleventh                 a.ad. & n.

elsea                    d.

e-mail                   n.

*emergency               n.

*employ                  v.

*employee                n.

*employer                n.

*employment              n.

empty                    a.

*enable                  v.

encourage                v.

end                      n. & v.

energy                   n.

engine                   n.

engineer                 n.

England                  n.

English                  a. & n.

enjoy                    v.

enough                   a. & ad.

ensure                   v.

enter                    v.

entrance                 n.

entry                    n.

*envelope                n.

environment              n.

*envy                    v. & n.

equal                    a. & v.

equipment                n.

eraser                   n.

error                    n.

escape                   n. & v.

especially               ad.

*establish               v.

Euro                     n.

Europe                   n.

European                 n. & a.

*eve                     n.

even                     ad.

evening                  n.

event                    n.

ever                     ad.

every                    a.

everyone=everybody      pron.

everything               pron.

everywhere               ad.

exact                    a.

examine                  v.

example                  n.

excellent                a.

except                   prep.

exchange                 v.

excited                  a.

exciting                 a.

excuse                   n. & v.

exercise                 n. & v.

*exhibition              n.

exist                    v.

exit                     n.

expect                   v.

*expense                 n.

expensive                a.

experience               n.

*experiment              n.

expert                   n.

explain                  v.

*explore                 v.

export                   n. & v.

express                  v.

expression               n.

extra                    a.

eye                      n.


F


face                     n. & v.

fact                     n.

factory                  n.

fail                     v.

failure                  n.

fair                     a. & n.

fall                     v. & n.

false                    a.

*familiar                a.

family                   n.

famous                   a.

fan                      n.

*fantastic               a.

far                      a. & ad.

*fare                    n.

farm                     n.

farmer                   n.

fashion                  n.

fast                     a. & ad.

fat                      a. & n.

father                   n.

*fault                   n.

favor                    n. & v.

favorite                 a. & n.

fax                      n.

fear                     n. & v.

feature                  n.

February                 n.

fee                      n.

feed                     v.

feel                     v.

feeling                  n.

fellow                   n.

female                   a.& n.

*fence                   n.

festival                 n.

fever                    n.

few                      pron. & a.

*fiber                   n.

field                    n.

fifteen                  a. & n.

fifteenth                a.ad. & n.

fifth                    a.ad. & n.

fiftieth                 a.ad. & n.

fifty                    a. & n.

fight                    n. & v.

figure                   n. & v.

file                     n.

fill                     v.

film                     n.

final                    a.

*finance                 n.

financial                a.

find                     v.

fine                     a.

finger                   n.

finish                   v.

fire                     n. & v.

*fireworks               n.

firm                     n. & a.

first                    a.ad. & n.

fish                     n. & v.

fit                      a. & v.

five                     a. &  n.

fix                      v.

flag                     n.

*flame                   n.

flash                    n.

*flashlight              n.

flat                     n. & a.

flight                   n.

flood                    n. & v.

floor                    n.

*flour                   n.

flow                     v.

flower                   n.

flu                      n.

fly                      v.

fog                      n.

*fold                    v.

*folder                  n.

folk                     a.

follow                   v.

following                prep. & a.

fond                     a.

food                     n.

fool                     n. & v.

foolish                  a.

football                 n.

for                      prep. & conj.

force                    v.

*forecast                n. & v.

*forehead                n.

foreign                  a.

foreigner                n.

forest                   n.

forever                  ad.

forget                   v.

*forgive                 v.

*fork                    n.

form                     n. & v.

formal                   a.

former                   a.

fortieth                 a.ad. & n.

*fortune                 n.

forty                    a. & n.

forward                  ad.

four                     a. & n.

fourteenth               a.ad. & n.

*fragile                 a.

*frame                   n.

France                   n.

free                     a.

*freeze                  v.

French                   n. & a.

*frequent                a.

Fresh                    a.

Friday                   n.

*fridge                  n.

friend                   n.

friendly                 a.

friendship               n.

*frighten                v.

from                     prep.

front                    n. & a.

fruit                    n.

*fry                     v.

fuel                     n.

full                     a.

fun                      n. & a.

function                 n.

fund                     n.

funny                    a.

*fur                     n.

furniture                n.

future                   n.


G


gain                     v.

*gallon                  n.

game                     n.

gap                      n.

*garage                  n.

garden                   n.

gas                      n.

gate                     n.

gather                   v.

gender                   n.

general                  a. & n.

generation               n.

*generous                a.

gentleman                n.

German                   n. & a.

Germany                  n.

*gesture                 n.

get                      v.

*giant                   a. & n.

gift                     n.

girl                     n.

give                     v.

glad                     a.

glass                    n.

global                   a.

*glue                    n.

go                       v.

goal                     n.

god                      n.

gold                     n. & a.

*golf                    n.

good                     a.

goodbye                  int.

goods                    n.

government               n.

gradually                ad.

grandparent              n.

grass                    n.

*grateful                a.

grey                     a.

great                    a. & ad.

green                    a. & n.

*greenhouse              n.

greet                    v.

grocery                  n.

ground                   n.

group                    n.

grow                     v.

*guarantee               v.

guard                    n.

guess                    v.

guest                    n.

guide                    v. & n.

*gym=gymnasium        n.


H


habit                    n.

*haircut                 n.

*hairdresser             n.

*hairdryer               n.

half                     a. & n.

*halfway                 ad. & a.

hall                     n.

*ham                     n.

*hamburger               n.

*hammer                  n.

hand                     n. & v.

*handful                 n.

handle                   n. & v.

*handmade                a.

handsome                 a.

hang                     v.

happen                   v.

happy                    a.

*harbor                  n.

hard                     a. & ad.

hardly                   ad.

*hardware                n.

harm                     n. & v.

*harvest                 n. & v.

hat                      n.

hate                     v.

havehas              v.

he                       pron.

headache                 n.

*headline                n.

*headmaster              n.

*headphone               n.

health                   n.

hear                     v.

heart                    n.

heat                     n. & v.

heavy                    a.

*height                  n.

*helicopter              n.

help                     n. & v.

*hen                     n.

her                      pron.

here                     ad.

hero                     n.

hers                     pron.

herself                  pron.

hi                       int.

hide                     v.

high                     a. & ad.

*high-tech               a.

*highway                 n.

hill                     n.

him                      pron.

himself                  pron.

hire                     v.

his                      pron.

history                  n.

hit                      n. & v.

hobby                    n.

hold                     v.

hole                     n.

holiday                  n.

*hollow                  a.

home                     n. & ad.

*homeland                n.

hometown                 n.

homework                 n.

honest                   a.

honey                    n.

honor                    n. & v.

*hook                    n. & v.

hope                     n. & v.

horse                    n.

hospital                 n.

host                     n. & v.

hostess                  n.

hot                      a.

hotdog                   n.

hotel                    n.

hour                     n.

house                    n.

housewife                n.

housework                n.

housing                  n.

how                      ad.

however                  ad. & conj.

hug                      v.

huge                     a.

human                    n. & a.

humor                    n.

hundred                  n. & a.

hungry                   a.

*hunt                    v.

hurry                    v.

hurt                     v.

husband                  n.


I


I                        pron.

ice                      n.

ice-cream                n.

idea                     n.

if                       conj.

*ignore                  v.

ill                      a.

illness                  n.

image                    n.

imagine                  v.

import                   v. & n.

important                a.

impossible               a.

*impress                 v.

improve                  v.

in                       prep. & ad.

inch                     n.

include                  v.

income                   n.

increase                 v. & n.

indeed                   ad.

independent              a.

India                    n.

Indian                   n. & a.

*indoor                  a.

industry                 n.

*infect                  v.

*informal                a.

information              n.

*ink                     n.

*inn                     n.

*input                   n. & v.

*insect                  n.

*insert                  v.

inside                   prep. & ad.

install                  v.

instead                  ad.

instruction              n.

*instrument              n.

insurance                n.

interest                 n.

interesting              a.

international            a.

Internet                 n.

*interrupt               v.

interview                n. & v.

*interviewee             n.

*interviewer             n.

into                     prep.

introduce                v.

invent                   v.

*invest                  v.

invite                   v.

*invoice                 n.

*involve                 v.

*iron                    n. & v.

island                   n.

*issue                   n.

IT                       n.

it                       pron.

Italy                    n.

Italian                  n. & a.

item                     n.

its                      pron.

itself                   pron.


J


jacket                   n.

jam                      n.

January                  n.

Japan                    n.

Japanese                 n. & a.

*jaw                     n.

*jazz                    n.

jeans                    n.

*jet                     n.

*jewelry                 n.

job                      n.

*jogging                 n.

join                     v.

joke                     n.

journey                  n.

joy                      n.

judge                    n. & v.

juice                    n.

July                     n.

jump                     n. & v.

June                     n.

*junior                  a.

just                     a. & ad.


K


*keen                    a.

keep                     v.

*kettle                  n.

key                      n.

*keyboard                n.

kick                     v.& n.

kid                      n.

kill                     v.

*kilogram=kg         n.

kilometer=km         n.

kind                     n. & a.

*kindergarten            n.

king                     n.

kiss                     v. & n.

kitchen                  n.

kite                     n.

*knee                    n.

knife                    n.

knock                    n. & v.

know                     v.

knowledge                n.


L


lab=laboratory       n.

label                    n. & v.

labor                    n.

lack                     n. & v.

*ladder                  n.

lady                     n.

lake                     n.

*lamb                    n.

lamp                     n.

land                     n. & v.

*lane                    n.

language                 n.

*lantern                 n.

lap-top                  a. & n.

large                    a.

*laser                   n.

last                     a. & v.

late                     a. & ad.

later                    a. & ad.

latest                   a.

*latter                  a.

laugh                    n. & v.

*laundry                 n.

law                      n.

*lawn                    n.

lawyer                   n.

lay                      v.

lazy                     a.

lead                     v. & n.

leader                   n.

leaf                     n.

league                   n.

*leak                    v.

*lean                    v.

learn                    v.

least                    a. & n.

*leather                 n.

leave                    v.

*lecture                 n.

left                     a.ad. & n.

leg                      n.

*leisure                 n.

*lemon                   n  .

lend                     v.

length                   n.

less                     a. & ad.

lesson                   n.

let                      v.

letter                   n.

level                    n.

library                  n.

*license                 n.

*lid                     n.

lie                      n. & v.

life                     n.

lift                     v. & n.

light                    n.v. & a.

*lightning               n.

like                     v. & prep.

likely                   a.

limit                    v.

line                     n.

link                     v.

lip                      n.

*liquid                  n.

list                     n. & v.

listen                   v.

*litter                  n.& v.

little                   a.

live                     v. & a.

lively                   a.

*liver                   n.

living                   a.

*load                    n.

*loaf                    n.

*loan                    n.& v.

lobby                    n.

local                    a.

*location                n.

lock                     n. & v.

lonely                   a.

long                     a. & ad.

look                     n. & v.

*loose                   a.

lose                     v.

loss                     n.

lost                     a.

lot                      n.

loud                     a.

love                     n. & v.

lovely                   a.

low                      a. & ad.

luck                     n.

lucky                    a.

*luggage                 n.

lunch                    n.

*lung                    n.

*luxury                  n.


M


machine                  n.

mad                      a.

madam                    n.

magazine                 n.

*magic                   a.

mail                     n. & v.

main                     a.

*mainland                n.

maintain                 v.

major                    a.

make                     v.

male                     a. & n.

man                      n.

manage                   v.

manager                  n.

manner                   n.

*manufacture             v.

many                     pron. & a.

map                      n.

march                    n. & v.

March                    n.

mark                     n. & v.

market                   n.

marriage                 n.

marry                    v.

*massage                 n. & v.

master                   v.

match                    v. & n.

mate                     n.

material                 n.

*mathematics=maths     n.

matter                   n. & v.

*Maximum=max         a. & n.

May                      n.

may                      modal v.

maybe                    ad.

mayor                    n.

me                       pron.

meal                     n.

mean                     v.

meaning                  n.

means                    n.

measure                  v. & n.

meat                     n.

*mechanic                n.

medal                    n.

medical                  a.

medicine                 n.

*mediumpl media      n.

meet                     v.

meeting                  n.

*melon                   n.

*melt                    v.

member                   n.

*memo                    n.

memory                   n.

mention                  n. & v.

menu                     n.

message                  n.

metal                    n. & a.

meter                    n.

method                   n.

*microwave               n.

middle                   n.

might                    modal v.

*mild                    a.

mile                     n.

milk                     n.

million                  n.

mind                     n. & v.

mine                     pron.

*minimum                 a. & n.

*minus                   prep. & a.

minute                   n.

mirror                   n.

miss                     v.

Miss                     n.

mistake                  n.

mix                      v.

mobile                   a. & n.

model                    n.

modern                   a.

moment                   n.

Monday                   n.

money                    n.

*monitor                 n.

month                    n.

moon                     n.

*mop                     n. & v.

more                     a.ad. & n.

*moreover                ad.

morning                  n.

most                     a.ad. & n.

mother                   n.

motor                    n.

*motto                   n.

mountain                 n.

mouth                    n.

move                     v.

movement                 n.

movie                    n.

Mr                       n.

Mrs                      n.

Ms                       n.

much                     a. & ad.

*mud                     n.

museum                   n.

*mushroom                n.

music                    n.

*musician                n.

must                     modal v.

*mutton                  n.

my                       pron.

myself                   pron.


N


name                     n. & v.

narrow                   a.

nation                   n.

national                 a.

*nationality             n.

native                   a.

natural                  a.

nature                   n.

*naughty                 a.

near                     a.ad. & prep.

*nearby                  a.

nearly                   ad.

*neat                    a.

necessary                a.

neck                     n.

need                     n. & v.

*needle                  n.

neighbor                 n.

neither                  a.conj. & ad.

*nephew                  n.

nervous                  a.

network                  n.

never                    ad.

new                      a.

news                     n.

newspaper                n.

next                     a. & ad.

nice                     a.

*niece                   n.

night                    n.

nine                     a. & n.

nineteen                 a. & n.

nineteenth               a.ad. & n.

ninetieth                a.ad. & n.

ninety                   a. & n.

ninth                    a.ad. & n.

no                       ad. & a.

nobody                   n. & pron.

nod                      v.

noise                    n.

noisy                    a.

none                     pron.

noodle                   n.

nor                      conj.

normal                   a.

north                    a.ad.& n.

northern                 a.

nose                     n.

not                      ad.

note                     n. & v.

notebook                 n.

nothing                  n. & pron.

notice                   n. & v.

novel                    n.

November                 n.

now                      ad.

*nowadays                ad.

number                   n.

nurse                    n.

*nut                     n.


O


*obey                    v.

object                   n.

obvious                  a.

*occupation              n.

ocean                    n.

o'clock                  n.

October                  n.

odd                      a. & ad.

of                       prep.

off                      prep. & ad.

offer                    n. & v.

office                   n.

officer                  n.

official                 n. & a.

often                    ad.

oh                       int.

oil                      n.

OK                       a. & ad.

old                      a.

*Olympic                 a. & n.

on                       prep. & ad.

once                     n.ad. & conj.

one                      pron.

oneself                  pron.

*onion                   n.

online                   a. & ad.

only                     a. & ad.

open                     a. & v.

opera                    n.

operate                  v.

operation                n.

operator                 n.

opinion                  n.

*opportunity             n.

or                       conj.

*oral                    a.

orange                   n. & a.

order                    n. & v.

ordinary                 a.

organization             n.

organize                 v.

other                    pron. & a.

*otherwise               ad.

our                      pron.

ours                     pron.

ourselves                pron.

out                      ad.

*outdoor                 a.

*output                  n.

outside                  ad. & prep.

*outstanding             a.

over                     prep. & ad.

own                      a. & v.

owner                    n.


P


pack                     n. & v.

package                  n.

page                     n.

pain                     n.

paint                    n. & v.

painting                 n.

pair                     n.

pal                      n.

palace                   n.

pale                     a.

*pan                     n.

paper                    n.

*paragraph               n.

*parcel                  n.

parent                   n.

park                     n. & v.

part                     n. & a.

partner                  n.

party                    n.

pass                     v.

passage                  n.

passenger                n.

*passport                n.

password                 n.

past                     a.n. & prep.

path                     n.

patient                  a.

pause                    n. & v.

pay                      v. & n.

*PC=personal

computer               n.

PE=physical

education              n.

*pea                     n.

peace                    n.

pen                      n.

pencil                   n.

*penny                   n.

People                   n.

percent                  n.

perfect                  a.

perform                  v.

performance              n.

perhaps                  ad.

period                   n.

*permit                  v.

person                   n.

personal                 a.

persuade                 v.

pet                      n.

phone=telephone      v. & n.

photo=photograph     n.

physical                 a.

pick                     v.

*picnic                  n.

picture                  n.

*pie                     n.

piece                    n.

pig                      n.

pill                     n.

pillow                   n.

*pilot                   n.

*pin                     n. & v.

pink                     a.

*pioneer                 n.

pipe                     n.

pity                     n.

*pizza                   n.

place                    n. & v.

*plain                   a. & n.

plan                     n. & v.

plane                    n.

plant                    v. & n.

plastic                  a.

plate                    n.

platform                 n.

play                     v. & n.

pleasant                 a.

please                   v.

pleased                  a.

pleasure                 n.

plenty                   n.

plumber                  n.

plus                     prep. & a.

pm/p.m.PM/P.M.         n.

pocket                   n.

point                    v. & n.

*poisonous               a.

*pole                    n.

police                   n.

policeman/woman          n.

polite                   a.

*pollute                 v.

pollution                n.

*pond                    n.

pool                     n.

poor                     a.

*pop                     n.

popular                  a.

population               n.

*pork                    n.

*port                    n.

position                 n.

possible                 a.

post                     v. & n.

*postcard                n.

*poster                  n.

pot                      n.

potato                   n.

pound                    n.

pour                     v.

powder                   n.

powerful                 a.

*practical               a.

practice                 n. & v.

praise                   n. & v.

*pray                    v.

*precious                a.

prefer                   v.

prepare                  v.

present                  a. & n.

*presentation            n.

president                n.

press                    v. & n.

pressure                 n.

*pretend                 v.

pretty                   a.

price                    n.

pride                    n.

primary                  a.

print                    v.

printer                  n.

private                  a.

prize                    n.

probably                 ad.

problem                  n.

process                  n. & v.

produce                  v.

product                  n.

production               n.

professional             a.

*professor               n.

program                  n.

progress                 n.

project                  n.

*proper                  a.

*property                n.

protect                  v.

proud                    a.

prove                    v.

provide                  v.

province                 n.

public                   a. & n.

publish                  v.

*pudding                 n.

pull                     v. & n.

*pumpkin                 n.

*pupil                   n.

pure                     a.

purple                   n. & a.

purpose                  n.

*purse                   n.

push                     n. & v.

put                      v.


Q


quality                  n.

quantity                 n.

quarter                  n.

question                 v. & n.

*queue                   n. & v.

quick                    a. & ad.

quiet                    a.

*quit                    v.

quite                    ad.

*quiz                    n.


R


race                     v. & n.

radio                    n.

railway                  n.

rain                     n. & v.

raise                    v.

range                    n. & v.

rapid                    a.

rate                     n. & v.

rather                   ad.

raw                      a.

reach                    v.

read                     v.

ready                    a.

real                     a.

realize                  v.

really                   ad.

reason                   n.

*receipt                 n.

receive                  v.

recent                   a.

*reception               n.

*recognize               v.

record                   n.

recover                  v.

red                      n. & a.

reduce                   v.

refuse                   v.

region                   n.

*register                n. & v.

regret                   n. & v.

regular                  a.

reject                   v.

relation                 n.

relax                    v.

*relay                   n. & v.

remain                   v.

remember                 v.

remind                   v.

rent                     n. & v.

repair                   n. & v.

repeat                   v.

reply                    n.

report                   n. & v.

reporter                 n.

represent                v.

require                  v.

research                 n.

*reservation             n.

respect                  v. & n.

*responsible             a.

rest                     n. & v.

restaurant               n.

result                   n.

*resume                  n.

retell                   v.

return                   v.

review                   v. & n.

*reward                  n.

rice                     n.

rich                     a.

ride                     v. & n.

right                    n.a. & ad.

ring                     v. & n.

*ripe                    a.

rise                     v.

risk                     n. & v.

river                    n.

road                     n.

*roast                   v.& n.

*rob                     v.

*robber                  n.

*robot                   n.

rock                     n.

*rocket                  n.

role                     n.

roll                     v. & n.

romantic                 a.

*roof                    n.

room                     n.

root                     n.

*rope                    n.

rose                     n.

round                    ad.prep. & a.

route                    n.

row                      n. & v.

*rub                     v.

*rubber                  n.

*rubbish                 n.

*rude                    a.

rule                     n. & v.

*ruler                   n.

run                      v.

rush                     v.

Russia                   n.

Russian                  n. & a.


S


sad                      a.

safe                     a.

safety                   n.

sail                     n. & v.

*sailor                  n.

*salad                   n.

salary                   n.

sale                     n.

salt                     n.

*salty                   a.

same                     n. & a.

sample                   n.

sand                     n.

sandwich                 n.

*satellite               n.

*satisfy                 v.

Saturday                 n.

sauce                    n.

*sausage                 n.

save                     v.

say                      v.

scene                    n.

*scenery                 n.

schedule                 n  .

school                   n.

science                  n.

scientific               a.

scientist                n.

*scissors                n.

score                    n. & v.

screen                   n.

sea                      n.

*seal                    n. & v.

search                   n. & v.

season                   n.

seat                     n.

second                   a.ad. & n.

secret                   n.

secretary                n.

*section                 n.

see                      v.

seed                     n.

*seek                    v.

seem                     v.

*seize                   v.

*seldom                  ad.

select                   v.

sell                     v.

send                     v.

senior                   a.

sense                    n.

sentence                 n.

separate                 v. & a.

September                n.

serious                  a.

serve                    v.

service                  n.

set                      v. & n.

seven                    a. & n.

several                  pron. & a.

shade                    n.

shadow                   n.

shake                    v.

shall                    modal v.

shape                    n. & v.

share                    v.

sharp                    a.

*shave                   v.

she                      pron.

sheet                    n.

*shelf                   n.

*shell                   n.

ship                     n. & v.

shirt                    n.

shock                    v.

shoe                     n.

shoot                    v. & n.

shop                     v. & n.

*shore                   n.

short                    a.

should                   modal v.

shoulder                 n.

shout                    n. & v.

show                     v. & n.

shower                   n.

shut                     v.

shy                      a.

sick                     a.

side                     n.

sidewalk                 n.

sight                    n.

*sightseeing             n.

sign                     n.

signal                   n.

*signature               n.

silence                  n.

silent                   a.

silk                     n.

*silly                   a.

silver                   n.

similar                  a.

simple                   a.

since                    ad.conj. & prep

sing                     v.

single                   a.

*sink                    v. & n.

sir                      n.

sister                   n.

sit                      v.

situation                n.

six                      a. & n.

size                     n.

*skate                   v.

*ski                     v.

skill                    n.

skin                     n.

skirt                    n.

sky                      n.

sleep                    n.

*sleeve                  n.

*slide                   n. & v.

slight                   a.

slim                     a.

slip                     n. & v.

slow                     a.

small                    a.

smart                    a.

smell                    v. & n.

smile                    n. & v.

smoke                    n. & v.

*smooth                  a.

*sneaker                 n.

snow                     n. & v.

so                       ad. & conj.

*soap                    n.

soccer                   n.

social                   a.

society                  n.

*sock                    n.

sofa                     n.

soft                     a.

software                 n.

soil                     n.

soldier                  n.

solid                    a. & n.

solution                 n.

solve                    v.

some                     a. & pron.

somebody                 pron.

someone                  pron.

something                pron.

sometimes                ad.

*somewhere               ad.

son                      n.

song                     n.

soon                     ad.

sorry                    a.

sort                     n.

sound                    v. & n.

soup                     n.

*sour                    a.

south                    a.ad. & n.

southern                 a.

*souvenir                n.

space                    n.

*spaceship               n.

Spain                    n.

Spanish                  n. & a.

*spare                   a.

speak                    v.

speaker                  n.

special                  a.

speech                   n.

speed                    n. & v.

spell                    v.

spend                    v.

spirit                   n.

*spit                    v.

*spoil                   v.

*spoon                   n.

sport                    n.

sportswear               n.

*spray                   n. & v.

spread                   v.

spring                   n.

square                   n. & a.

*stadium                 n.

staff                    n.

stage                    n.

stair                    n.

stamp                    n.

stand                    v. & n.

standard                 n. & a.

star                     n.

start                    v.

state                    n.

statement                n.

station                  n.

*stationery              n.

stay                     n. & v.

*steady                  a.

steak                    n.

steal                    v.

*steam                   n.

steel                    n.

step                     n. & v.

*steward                 n.

stick                    v. & n.

still                    a. & ad.

stock                    n. & v.

stomach                  n.

stone                    n.

stop                     n. & v.

*storage                 n.

store                    n. & v.

*storey                  n.

storm                    n.

story                    n.

*stove                   n.

straight                 a. & ad.

strange                  a.

*strawberry              n.

*stream                  n.

street                   n.

strength                 n.

stress                   n. & v.

*stretch                 v. & n.

strict                   a.

strike                   v. & n.

*string                  n.

strong                   a.

student                  n.

studio                   n.

study                    v. & n.

stupid                   a.

style                    n.

subject                  n.

*suburb                  n.

*subway                  n.

succeed                  v.

success                  n.

successful               a.

such                     ad.pron. & a.

*suck                    v.

suddenly                 ad.

suffer                   v.

sugar                    n.

suggest                  v.

suggestion               n.

suit                     v. & n.

suitable                 a.

*suitcase                n.

*suite                   n.

sum                      v.

*summary                 n.

summer                   n.

sun                      n.

Sunday                   n.

sunny                    a.

sunshine                 n.

super                    a.

supermarket              n.

supper                   n.

supply                   v. & n.

support                  v. & n.

sure                     a. & ad.

*surf                    v. & n.

surface                  n.

surprise                 v. & n.

surprised                a.

surround                 v.

survey                   v. & n.

suspect                  n.

*swallow                 v.

*swear                   v.

*sweat                   n. & v.

*sweater                 n.

sweep                    v.

sweet                    n. & a.

swim                     v.

*swing                   v. & n.

switch                   v. & n.

*symbol                  n.

*sympathy                n.

System                   n.


T


table                    n.

*tablet                  n.

*tag                     n.

tail                     n.

*tailor                  n.

take                     v.

*tale                    n.

*talent                  n.

talk                     n. & v.

tall                     a.

*tank                    n.

tap                      n.

tape                     n.

target                   n. & v.

task                     n.

taste                    n. & v.

*tasty                   a.

tax                      n.

taxi                     n.

tea                      n.

teach                    v.

teacher                  n.

team                     n.

tear                     n. & v.

*technical               a.

*technician              n.

*technique               n.

technology               n.

teenager                 n.

telephone                n. & v.

tell                     v.

temperature              n.

*temple                  n.

ten                      a. & n.

*tender                  a.

tennis                   n.

*tense                   a.

*tent                    n.

term                     n.

*terminal                n.

terrible                 a.

test                     v. & n.

text                     n.

textbook                 n.

*textile                 n.

than                     conj.

thank                    v. & n.

that                     a.pron.

                         conj. & ad.

the                      art.

their                    pron.

*theirs                  pron.

them                     pron.

*theme                   n.

themselves               pron.

then                     ad.

there                    int.n. & ad.

therefore                ad.

these                    a. & pron.

they                     pron.

thick                    a.

thief                    n.

thin                     a.

thing                    n.

think                    v.

third                    a.ad. & n.

*thirsty                 a.

thirteen                 a. & n.

thirty                   a. & n.

this                     a. & pron.

*thorough                a.

those                    a. & pron.

though                   conj.

thousand                 a. & n.

*thread                  n.

three                    a. & n.

throat                   n.

through                  prep. & ad.

throughout               prep.

throw                    v.

*thumb                   n.

*thunder                 n. & v.

Thursday                 n.

thus                     ad.

*tick                    v.

ticket                   n.

*tide                    n.

tidy                     a. & v.

tie                      v. & n.

tight                    a.

*till                    conj. & prep.

time                     n. & v.

timetable                n.

*timid                   a.

*tin                     n.

*tiny                    a.

tip                      n. & v.

tired                    a.

*tissue                  n.

title                    n.

to                       prep.

*toast                   v. & n.

today                    ad. & n.

*toe                     n.

tofu                     n.

together                 ad.

toilet                   n.

tomorrow                 ad. & n.

ton                      n.

*tone                    n.

tonight                  ad. & n.

too                      ad.

tool                     n.

tooth                    n.

toothbrush               n.

toothpaste               n.

top                      a. & n.

topic                    n.

*torch                   n.

total                    a.n. & v.

touch                    v.

tour                     n.

tourist                  n.

towards              prep.

*towel                   n.

tower                    n.

town                     n.

toy                      n.

track                    v. & n.

trade                    n. & v.

*tradition               n.

traditional              a.

traffic                  n.

train                    n. & v.

*tram                    n.

transfer                 v.

*translate               v.

transport                n. & v.

*transportation          n.

travel                   n. & v.

*tray                    n. & v.

*treasure                n.

treat                    v.

treatment                n.

tree                     n.

*trend                   n.

*trick                   n.

trip                     n.

trouble                  v. & n.

trousers                 n.

truck                    n. & v.

true                     a.

*trunk                   n.

trust                    v. & n.

truth                    n.

try                      v.

T-shirt                  n.

*tube                    n.

Tuesday                  n.

*tunnel                  n.

turn                     v. & n.

*tutor                   n. & v.

TV=television        n.

twelfth                  a.ad. & n.

twelve                   a. & n.

twentieth                a.ad. & n.

twenty                   a. & n.

twice                    ad.

twin                     n.

two                      a. & n.

type                     n. & v.

*typhoon                 n.

*typical                 a.

typist                   n.

*tyre                    n.


U


ugly                     a.

UK=United

Kingdom                n.

umbrella                 n.

UN=United

Nations                n.

unable                   a.

uncle                    n.

under                    ad. & prep.

*underground             a. & n.

*underline               v.

understand               v.

*underwear               n.

unfair                   a.

*unforgettable           a.

unhappy                  a.

*uniform                 n.

union                    n.

unit                     n.

*united                  a.

*universe                n.

university               n.

*unknown                 a.

unless                   conj.

*unlike                  prep.

until                    prep. & conj.

unusual                  a.

up                       ad.a. & prep

upon                     prep.

*upper                   a.

upset                    a.

*upstairs                ad.

*urban                   a.

urgent                   a.

us                       pron.

USA=the United States

of America       n.

use                      n. & v.

useful                   a.

*useless                 a.

user                     n.

usual                    a.


V


vacation                 n.

valuable                 a.

value                    n.

*van                     n.

*variety                 n.

various                  a.

*vary                    v.

*vast                    a.

vegetable                n.

*vehicle                 n.

very                     ad.

*vet                     n.

victory                  n.

video                    n.

view                     n.

village                  n.

virus                    n.

*visa                    n.

visit                    n. & v.

visitor                  n.

*vitamin                 n.

vocation                 n.

vocational               a.

voice                    n.

volleyball               n.

volume                   n.

volunteer                n.

vote                     v. & n.

*voyage                  n.


W


*wage                    n.

*waist                   n.

wait                     v.

waiter                   n.

waitress                 n.

wake                     v.

walk                     n. & v.

wall                     n.

wallet                   n.

want                     v.

war                      n.

warm                     a.

warn                     v.

wash                     n. & v.

waste                    n. & v.

watch                    v. & n.

water                    n. & v.

watermelon               n.

*waterproof              a.

wave                     n. & v.

way                      n.

wepro                    n.

weak                     a.

*wealth                  n.

wear                     v.

weather                  n.

web                      n.

website                  n.

wedding                  n.

Wednesday                n.

week                     n.

weekend                  n.

*weigh                   v.

weight                   n.

welcome                  int.n. & v.

well                     ad.a. & int.

well-known               a.

west                     a.ad. & n.

western                  a.

wet                      a.

what                     pron. & a.

whatever                 conj. & pron.

*wheat                   n.

wheel                    n.

when                     conj. & ad.

whenever                 conj.

where                    ad.

*wherever                conj.

whether                  conj.

which                    pron. & a.

while                    conj. & n.

white                    a. & n.

who                      pron.

whole                    a.

whom                     pron.

whose                    pron.

why                      ad. & int.

wide                     a.

*width                   n.

wife                     n.

wild                     a.

will                     modal v. & n.

win                      v.

wind                     n.

window                   n.

windy                    a.

wine                     n.

wing                     n.

winner                   n.

winter                   n.

wipe                     v.

wire                     n.

*wisdom                  n.

wise                     a.

wish                     n. & v.

with                     prep.

within                   prep.

without                  prep.

woman                    n.

wonder                   v. & n.

wonderful                a.

wood                     n.

*wooden                  a.

*wool                    n.

*woolen                  a.

word                     n.

work                     n. & v.

worker                   n.

world                    n.

worry                    n. & v.

worth                    prep. & a.

*worthy                  a.

wound                    modal v.

*wrap                    v.

*wrist                   n.

write                    v.

wrong                    a.


X


*x-ray                   n.


Y


yard                     n.

year                     n.

yellow                   a.

yes                      ad.

yesterday                n. & ad.

yet                      ad.

*yoghurt                 n.

you                      pron.

young                    a.

your                     pron.

yours                    pron.

yourself                 pron.

youth                    n.


Z


zero                     a.& n.

zone                     n.

zoo                      n.

*zoom                    v.


 

注:本词表采用美式拼写。

 

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